- 1. Hano: nose flute
- 2. Hōkeo kani: wind instrument
- 3. Hōkiokio: gourd whistle
- 4. 'Ili'ili: small, smooth, black stones
sometimes call Hawaiian castanets. 2 stones are
- placed in each hand and struck together to make a
- 5. Ipu: drum consisting of a single gourd
or made of two large gourds of unequal size joined
- 6. Ipu heke: gourd drum with a top section
- 7. Ipu heke 'ole: single drum gourd without
a top section
- 8. Ipu hoehoe: gourd whistle
- 9. Ipu hula: dance drum made of two gourds
- 10. Ipu pa'i: gourd drum
- 11. Ipu uai, ipu uwai, ipu wai: movable gourd
- 12. Kā: drum beater made from dried
ti-leaves, usually braided, used on the pūniu
- 13. Kā'eke'eke: bamboo pipes,
varying in length from 20 to 60 inches.
The longer the length, the, deeper the tone. The diameter may be
one inch or larger;
with one end open and the other closed by the node. A player holds
one vertically in each hand, tapping down on a mat or the ground. Several
musicians might play at the same time for harmony.
- Measurements for " tunings" established
by Nona Beamer
F ........ 19 1/2 "
E ........ 21 "
D ........ 23 3/4 "
C ........ 26 "
B flat .. 29 1/4 "
A ........ 30 5/8 "
G ........ 34 1/8 "
F sharp 38 3/4
F ......... 39 1/8 "
C ......... 52 "
B flat ... 58 1/8 "
- 14. Kālā'au: dancing sticks varying in
length. The shorter sticks are approximately 12-14
- Another type is a longer stick about 6 inches taller
than the dancer, held in the left hand,
- with a much shorter stick, about 14 inches in length,
held in the right hand. The ancient
- kāla'au were made from hau, kauila or milo wood
with tiki carvings on one end. The advent
- of christianity removed the tiki, but retained simple
carvings. One stick was struck on the
- other, then rolled along the other stick to make a
clacking sound. Today, there are no
- carvings and the sticks are simply struck, one upon
15. Nī'au Kani: A true Jew's harp,
made of a thin strip of wood, about 4 inches long and
- 1 inch wide, with a coconut midrib (niau) or bamboo
strip lashed length wise; played
- almost like the 'ukēkē
16. Pahu: drum usually made from trunk
of the coconut tree varying in size from about 1 foot
- to 3-4 feet, with a sharkskin covering. The skin is
taken from the right side of the shark
- 17. Pahu Pa'i: small sharkskin hula drum
- 18. Pahūpahū: same as kā'eke'eke
- 19. Papa Hehi: footboard, used for dancing;
- 20. Pū: large triton conch shell
- 21. Pū Lā'ī: ti leaf whistle
- 22. Pū'ili: bamboo rattles about 20
inches long and about 1 and 1/2 inches in diameter,
- with node at one end used as the handle. Bamboo is
slit lengthwise, slivers between
- strands removed, that allows the bamboo to rattle or
- 23. Pūniu: small knee drum made from half
a coconut shell. The drum skin is usually from
- the Kala fish
- 24. 'Ukēkē: a variety of musical
bow, fifteen inches to two feet long and about an inch
- a half wide, with two or commonly three strings,
drawn through holes at one end. The
- strings were strummed. The old experts made no sound
with the vocal cords, but the
- mouth cavity acted as a resonance chamber. The
resulting sound suggested speech and
- trained persons could understand this language. It
was sometimes used for love making
- 25. 'Ulili: A musical instrument consisting of
3 la'amia pierced by a stick; a string is attached
- to the center gourd, wound around the stick and when
pulled, twirls the gourds and makes
- a whirring sound. The outer gourds usually contain
ali'ipoe seeds or shells
- 26. 'Ulī'ulī: gourd rattle,
containing ali'ipoe seeds with colored feathers at the
top, used for
- the hula 'ulī'ulī; to rattle